Bauhaus- Marianne Brandt. Teapot MT49

What a lovely teapot!

After researching some of the Bauhaus designers i came across a wonderful teapot designed by Marianne Brandt. In typical Bauhaus style the teapot is an addition number MT49. The main concept of the Bauhaus was “Form follows function,” pieces were designed to be mass produced, simple lines and minimal decoration were key. This piece however was never mass produced due to its complexity and use of more luxury materials: copper, silver and ebony. Brandt has used simple shapes circles, semi-circles and built a sculptural yet very functional object. The functionality of the piece is the in built tea strainer non drip nozzle and ebony heat resistant handle. There are believed to be only 7 of these in existence most of these are owned by galleries and museums, the last one to be sold privately went for £361,00 at a Sotheby’s auction in New York in 2007.

Marianne Brandt is also a very important figure in the Bauhaus movement as she was the first woman to be accepted into the Bauhaus metal workshop in 1924. Before this women were forced to study weaving or ceramics, can you imagine if we were told that today they’d be an uprising! She excelled and went on to be the director of the Bauhaus school from 1928-29. When the Nazi’s shut down the Bauhaus in Berlin in 1933 she returned to her home town of Chemnitz to look after her family. Subsequently she hasn’t gained such notoriety as some of her peers such as Gropius who settled intoprestigious teaching jobs in the US. In contrast Brandt was unemployable under both the Nazi rule and the eastern communist rule as the Bauhaus was considered decadent.

Kerri Butterworth

 

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One Response to Bauhaus- Marianne Brandt. Teapot MT49

  1. Zara Noble says:

    I feel that this poster sums up the Bauhaus style, full of modern, stylised lines with a minimalistic feel. The colours are set to a limited palet and again oooze style, with everything having its place and direction.

    Below is the definition of “Bauhau” according to the Tate Gallery, taken from – http://www.tate.org.uk/collections/glossary/definition.jsp?entryId=40

    Bauhaus
    Revolutionary school of art, architecture and design established by the pioneer modern architect Walter Gropius at Weimar in Germany in 1919. Its teaching method replaced the traditional pupil-teacher relationship with the idea of a community of artists working together. Its aim was to bring art back into contact with everyday life, and design was therefore given as much weight as fine art. The name is a combination of the German words for building (bau) and house (haus) and may have been intended to evoke the idea of a guild or fraternity working to build a new society. The Bauhaus moved to Dessau in 1925¿6 where Gropius created a new building for it. In 1932 it moved to Berlin where it was closed by the Nazis. Teachers included Kandinsky, Klee, Moholy-Nagy and Albers. Its influence was immense, especially in the USA where Moholy-Nagy opened the New Bauhaus in Chicago in 1937. In 1933 Albers took its methods to Black Mountain College in North Carolina and in 1950 to Yale University.

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